Who was Louis Armstrong’s mentor?
April 9, 2018 - Picnic Time
NEW ORLEANS (AP) ” A antithesis of a early years of jazz in New Orleans is that while a internal press was regularly disapproval a homegrown music, a city’s newspapers were also edition notices about jazz bands full of black musicians behaving before white multitude audiences. The materialisation was quite strident by 1916, a year a word jazz (or “jas,” as it was primarily spelled locally) initial seemed here in print, in dispatches about events where successful cornet actor Joe Oliver is suspicion to have played.
Oliver is maybe best remembered currently for being a bandleader who summoned dependent Louis Armstrong, to Chicago in a summer of 1922, a pierce that eventually resulted in Armstrong distinguished out on his possess and apropos a recording star. Decades later, Armstrong wrote and spoke of Oliver in obedient terms.
“No one had a glow and a continuation Joe had,” Armstrong wrote in his 1954 autobiography. “No one in jazz has combined as many song as he has. That is since they called him ‘King,’ and he deserved a title.”
By mid-September 1916, New Orleans newspapers were regulating brief stories about dances hold during private homes and during an Uptown venue not mostly compared with jazz history: a aged Tulane University gymnasium. There was “a subscription dance for members of a college set” on Walnut Street on Sept. 15. On Halloween, there was a dance during a home on Esplanade Avenue. And there were dances during a Tulane gym in Nov 1916, in Jan 1917 and each month or dual afterward good into 1918.
The celebration during these dances was a Monocle Band, Joe Oliver’s group. It reportedly took a name from one of Oliver’s nicknames, given to him since of a large injure over his left eye. (Some sources on jazz story have Oliver’s organisation personification subscription dances during a Tulane gym several years earlier; during a time, journal stories about a dances would infrequently spend some-more bid identifying a cabinet that designed a events than a musicians who played during them.)
The organisation was spasmodic billed as “the famous Monocle Band” or “Oliver’s Monocle Band,” and a use of a name in imitation starting in 1916 suggests it had achieved some turn of renown. The lineup of a rope during these shows is unclear, though Oliver was famous to have played with a who’s who of internal jazz musicians in this era, including Sidney Bechet, Peter Bocage, Edward “Kid” Ory, Johnny Dodds and Armstrong.
The Monocle Band was a unchanging on a multitude pages by May 1918. It was in this year that The Times-Picayune famously editorialized opposite jazz music, essay that “its low-pitched value is nil, and a possibilities of mistreat are great.” That was also a year Oliver left New Orleans for Chicago, nonetheless a accurate timing of his depart is uncertain; presumably it was after May 12, when he and Kid Ory were scheduled to take partial in a conflict of a bands of sorts in a River Parishes.
Just how many people witnessed that opening is unclear. The conspicuous rendezvous was to be hold during a cruise only in St. Rose, an eventuality for members of a Leon Fellman Benevolent Association. The guest during a celebration took a steamer Sidney from New Orleans to a cruise spot. On residence a Sidney was a residence orchestra, a supposed Kentucky jazz band, led by Fate Marable, who during some indicate began regulating New Orleans musicians including a teenage Armstrong.
Whether Armstrong played a cruise is unclear, though it positively seems possible; by some accounts, he assimilated Marable’s organisation in 1918, and he was also famous to play with Ory around this time.
“As an additional provide a organisation has intent a services of one a best and many obvious colored bands in a city, a Olliver (sic) and Ory band,” wrote a States on May 5, 1918. “A many engaging module will be given as these dual bands — a Kentucky jazz and a Olliver and Ory — are going to use their best efforts to benefit a many encores from a dancers. The open is asked to take advantage of a opportunity.”
Information from: The Times-Picayune, http://www.nola.com